GAUHAR SIṄGH (d. 1763), a Siddhū Jaṭṭ was founder of the famous village of Aṭārī in Amritsar district. Dhīrā, son of Jagmal, an ancestor of Gauhar Siṅgh, was the first of the family to migrate to Mehrāj-Phūl area, in present-day Baṭhiṇḍā district, from Jaisalmer about the year 1580. About 1735 the family scattered; some of them settled in Jagrāoṅ area, whereas Gauhar Siṅgh and his brother Kaur Siṅgh moved on to the interior of the Punjab with twenty-five horsemen. They reached Amritsar, took pāhul or the vows of the Khālsā and entered the service of Gurbakhsh Siṅgh Roṛāṅvālā of the Bhaṅgī misl. Gauhar Siṅgh became a disciple of Bāvā Mūl Dās, an ascetic of great sanctity, and on the saint's direction settled at the site of present-day village of Aṭārī. There he built a big house on a mound which came to be called aṭārī --- a tall house. From aṭārī village as well as the family came to be known as Aṭārī. Gauhar Siṅgh served under the Bhaṅgī sardārs, Gujjar Siṅgh and Lahiṇā Siṅgh, after the death of Gurbakhsh Siṅgh Roṛāṅvālā. He died in 1763. His son Nihāl Siṅgh continued to hold the jāgīr under Sāhib Siṅgh Bhaṅgī, son of Gujjar Siṅgh.


  1. Seetal, Sohan Singh, The Sikh Misals and the Punjab. Ludhiana, n.d.
  2. Griffin, Lepel, and C.F.Massy, Chiefs and Families of Note in the Punjab. Lahore, 1909

Sardār Siṅgh Bhāṭīā