GHULĀM MOHĪY UD-DĪN, SHAIKH (d. 1845), who rose to be governor of Kashmīr in Sikh times, was the son of Shaikh Ujālā, a munshī or accountant in the service of Sardār Bhūp Siṅgh of Hoshiārpur. At a young age, Ghulām Mohīy ud-Dīn took up service under Dīwān Motī Rām, the governor of Kashmīr, later shifting to Lahore. He exhibited great diplomatic skill when in 1823, under Mahārājā Raṇjīt Siṅgh's instructions, he persuaded Sardār Muhammad 'Azīm Khān of Kābul, who had marched upon Peshāwar, to retire without firing a shot. In 1827, Kirpā Rām, Dīwān Motī Rām's son, took him to Kashmīr upon his appointment as governor of the province. After four years, however, Kirpā Rām was recalled, and Shaikh Ghulām Mohīy ud-Dīn returned with him to Lahore where, according to some sources, he was subjected to punishment for his cruel treatment of the people of Kashmīr. But within a year he returned to Kashmīr as a deputy to Prince Sher Siṅgh who had been sent as the new governor of that territory. Again the Shaikh was reported to have followed a repressive policy which, coupled with the outbreak of famine, made the lot of the people extremely miserable. The Mahārājā recalled Shaikh Ghulām Mohīy ud-Dīn, and inflicted a heavy fine upon him besides confiscating all of his property and the hidden wealth which he had amassed at Hoshiārpur.

         The Shaikh remained out of favour with the Darbār for some time but eventually found a patron in Bhāī Rām Siṅgh who helped him to secure service with Prince Nau Nihāl Siṅgh. Nau Nihāl Siṅgh took him to Peshāwar, and entrusted to him the management of his financial affairs. In 1839, he was appointed governor of the Jalandhar Doāb and in April 1841, after Sher Siṅgh's accession to the throne, governor of Kashmīr. In February 1845, Ghulām Mohīy ud-Dīn made overtures to the British government with a view to transferring his allegiance to them, but died soon afterwards and was buried in the Khānaqāh of Shaikh Hamzā Makkhūm, Harī Parbat, Srīnagar.


  1. Sūrī, Sohan Lāl, 'Umdāt-ut-Twārīkh. Lahore, 1885-89
  2. Griffin, Lepel, Ranjit Siṅgh. Delhi, 1957
  3. Khushwant Singh, Ranjit Siṅgh, Maharaja of the Punjab. Bombay, 1962

Hameed ud-Dīn