GIRDHAR LĀL or Girdhārī LāI, a poet in Gurū Gobind Siṅgh's retinue at Pāoṇṭā, was the author of Piṅgal Sār, a treatise in verse on Hindi prosody. According to its autobiographical stanzas 7-16, Girdhar Lāl was the son of Gaj Mall, a Khatrī of Gaḍiyal clan. The family came originally from Multān but after a stay at Saḍhaurā, now in Yamunānagar district of Haryāṇā, had settled at Lahore. From there Dvārkā Dās, great-great-grandfather of Girdhar LāI, had shifted to Āgrā at the instance of Muzaffar Khān, an Afghān noble. Girdhar Lāl received education in Braj literature and prosody at the hands of a Brāhmaṇ scholar, Hriday Rām. He had commenced writing Piṅgal Sār at Āgrā, but completed it at Pāoṇṭā in Magghar 1745 Bk/November 1688. The manuscript is preserved in the Languages Department Library at Paṭiālā (MS. No. 129).


  1. Senāpati, Srī Gur Sobhā. Patiala, 1967
  2. Padam, Piārā Siṅgh, Srī Gurū Gobind Siṅgh Jī de Darbārī Ratan. Patiala, 1976

Piār Siṅgh