GOPĀL SIṄGH (1883-1941), an Akālī reformer, was born in November 1883 at the village of Sāgarī, in Rāwalpiṇḍī district, now in Pakistan. His father, Sundar Siṅgh (d.1895) was a small shopkeeper. Within three years of Gopāl Siṅgh's father's death, his two elder brothers also passed away and the responsibility of looking after the family fell on him. He worked hard to see the family business flourish, and simultaneously started participating in the Siṅgh Sabhā activity in the district. A more active phase of his career began as the Akālī agitation for the reformation of Gurdwārā management picked momentum. He had been nominated a member of the first Shiromaṇī Gurdwārā Parbandhak Committee constituted in 1920. He was a member of the jathā or band of volunteers sent to liberate the gurdwārā at Pañjā Sāhib from the control of the mahants or priests who had become the target of public censure. For canvassing support for the Gurū kā Bāgh agitation, he was arrested in 1922 and prosecuted on the charge of inciting people and spreading hatred against the British government. He was again arrested in 1923 when the Shiromaṇī Akālī Dal and the Shiromaṇī Gurdwārā Parbandhak Committee were banned by the government. Totally, he spent 13 years of his life in jail. When the Shiromaṇī Akālī Dal split after the Gurdwārās Act had been passed in 1925, Gopāl Siṅgh joined the faction led by Bābā Khaṛak Siṅgh. He died in 1941, and a motion condoling his death was passed by the Shiromaṇī Gurdwārā Parbandhak Committee at a meeting of its general body held on 26 October 1941.


  1. Mohinder Singh, The Akali Movement. Delhi, 1978
  2. Pratāp Siṅgh Giānī, Gurdwārā Sudhār arthāt Akāli Lahir. Amritsar, 1975

Gurcharan Siṅgh Giānī