GUJRĀT (32º-34'N, 74º-5'E), a district town in Pakistan, is sacred to Gurū Hargobind, who stayed here for some time on his way back from Kashmīr in 1620. Here he was met by the famous Muslim divine Shāh Daulā, well known to a local Sikh, Bhāī Gaṛhīā, who also served as a masand in Kashmīr preaching Gurū Nānak's word. Gurdwārā Chhevīṅ Pātshāhī, near the Kābulī Gate at Gujrāt, remained affiliated to the Shiromaṇī Gurdwārā Parbandhak Committee until it was abandoned in the wake of mass migrations caused by the partition of the Punjab in 1947.

         During the latter half of the eighteenth century, Gujrāt district formed part of Chār Mahāl, i.e. four revenue units of Siālkoṭ, Pasrūr, Auraṅgābād and Gujrāt, which had been ceded by the Mughals to the Afghān invader Ahmad Shāh Durrānī in 1752, but had fallen to the Sikhs following the defeat of the Afghān general Shahāñchī Khān in 1797. Gujrāt was occupied by Sāhib Siṅgh of the Bhaṅgī misl, who lost it to Mahārājā Raṇjīt Siṅgh in 1801. The final and decisive battle of the second Anglo-Sikh war was fought at Gujrāt. After the battle of Chelīāṅvālā, the Sikh forces had advanced towards the Chenāb and entrenched themselves between the town of Gujrāt and the river. The battle took place on 21 February 1849 when the Sikhs after a grim fight lost to the British.


  1. Tārā Siṅgh, Srī Gur Tīrath Saṅgrahi. Amritsar, n.d.
  2. Ṭhākar Siṅgh, Giānī, Srī Gurduāre Darshan. Amritsar, 1923.

Major Gurmukh Siṅgh (Retd.)