GURDITTĀ, BHĀĪ (1625-1675), son of Bhāī Jhaṇḍā, was a descendant of the venerable Bābā Buḍḍhā. He was one of those who, after the death of Gurū Har Krishan at Delhi in 1664, were especially summoned to Bakālā for the anointment of Gurū Tegh Bahādur. The privilege of performing this ceremony had by tradition belonged to Bābā Buḍḍhā's house. On 11 August 1664, Bhāī Gurdittā, presented to Gurū Tegh Bahādur the spiritual regalia and placed the saffron mark on his forehead. He planted, on 19 June 1665, the ceremonial sapling at the Mākhovāl mound near Kīratpur in the Śivālik foothills, where the Gurū founded a new habitation, Chakk Nānakī, later renamed Anandpur. It is not certain whether he accompanied the Gurū during his travel to the east, but, according to Sākhī Pothī, he was in attendance on him during his journey through the Mālvā country, probably in 1672-74. In 1675, when Gurū Tegh Bahādur decided to proceed to Delhi to court martyrdom, Bhāī Gurdittā was called upon to perform the accession ceremony, installing Gurū Gobind Siṅgh as the Tenth Gurū of the Sikhs. The ceremony took place on 8 July 1675. Three days later Bhāī Gurdittā also set out for Delhi. He was not arrested on the way, and reached Delhi where he witnessed the martyrdom of Gurū Tegh Bahādur's Sikhs on 11 November 1675. He himself discarded his body in a divine passion the following day, 12 November 1675. According to Gurū kīāṅ Sākhīāṅ, he was cremated by the Sikhs of Delhi at Bhogal, on the bank of the River Yamunā.


  1. Mālvā Desh Raṭan dī Sakhī Pothī. Amritsar, 1968
  2. Padam, Piārā Siṅgh, and Giānī Garjā Siṅgh, eds., Gurū kīāṅ Sākhīāṅ. Patiala, 1986
  3. Kuir Siṅgh, Gurbilās Pātshāhī 10. Patiala, 1968
  4. Harbans Singh, Guru Tegh Bahadur. Delhi, 1982

A. C. Banerjee