GURMUKH SIṄGH, a kahār or water-carrier of Kandolā village in Jalandhar district of the Punjab, was a close confidant of Bhāī Mahārāj Siṅgh, leader of the anti-British revolt of 1848-49. During the second Anglo-Sikh war, Gurmukh Siṅgh assisted Mahārāj Siṅgh in procuring supplies of food and fodder for the Khālsā army. He also used to cook for him and this earned him the epithet lāṅgarī (lit. a cook). When Mahārāj Siṅgh re-entered the Doābā region, Gurmukh Siṅgh helped him contact many influential local men needed for a projected raid on government treasury at Bajvāṛā, near Hoshiārpur. Gurmukh Siṅgh was not present when Bhāī Mahārāj Siṅgh, along with 20 of his followers, was captured on the night of 28-29 December 1849, but was recognized and arrested from among the crowd that gathered near the civil jail at Jalandhar where the prisoners were later brought to be confined.


    Ahluwalia, M.L., Bhai Maharaj Singh. Patiala, 1972

M. L. Āhlūwālīā