HĀKIM RĀI, DĪWĀN (1803-1868), whose forebears had served the Kanhaiyā chiefs, was born the son of Kāshī Rām in 1803. In 1824, he joined the army of Mahārājā Raṇjīt Siṅgh, but soon rose to the high civilian office of dīwān. He became tutor to Kaṅvar Nau Nihāl Siṅgh, the Maharājā's grandson, and held charge of his estates. In 1834, after the annexation of Peshāwar in which he took a leading part, he became the governor of Ḍerā Ismā'īl Khān, Ṭoṅk, Bannū and 'Īsā Khel. He played a conspicuous role in the Anglo-Sikh negotiations preparatory to the Afghān war of 1839. Upon Mahārājā Raṇjīt Siṅgh's death in 1839, he was recalled to Lahore and appointed chief justice of the city. During the time of British residency, he was sent to Kashmīr (1846) to dissuade its governor, Shaikh Imām ud-Dīn, from the path of revolt. In 1847, he was appointed governor of Peshāwar, but was soon recalled owing to the hostile attitude of Rājā Tej Siṅgh, who wanted to oust him from his jāgīrs in Siālkoṭ. During the second Anglo-Sikh war, Dīwān Hākim Rāi sided with the rebel forces against the British. Consequently, all his estates were confiscated after the annexation of the Punjab and he was sent away a prisoner to the fortress of Chunār. After four years of confinement, he was allowed to settle at Benāras. During the 1857 uprising he and his three sons helped the British, for which he was granted some zamīndārī rights and a house at Lucknow. He died in 1868.


  1. Griffin, Lepel, and C.F. Massy, Chiefs and Families of Note in the Punjab. Lahore, 1909
  2. Latif, Syad Muhammad, History of the Punjab. Delhi, 1964

G. S. Chhābṛā