HARĪ SIṄGH BHAṄGĪ (d. 1765), nephew and adopted son of Bhūmā Siṅgh was the founder of the Bhaṅgī misl or chiefship. Harī Siṅgh received initiatory rites of the Khālsā at the hands of Bābā Dīp Siṅgh Shahīd. At the time of the formation of the Dal Khālsā in 1748, Harī Siṅgh was acknowledged head of the Bhaṅgī clan as well as leader of the Taruṇā Dal. He vastly increased the power and influence of the Bhaṅgī misl which began to be ranked as the strongest among its peers. He created an army of 20,000 dashing youths, captured Pañjvaṛ in the Tarn Tāran parganah and established his headquarters first at Sohal and then at Gilvālī, both in present-day Amritsar district. Lastly, he set himself up at Amritsar where he established a residential area with a market known as Kaṭrā Harī Siṅgh, and started constructing a fort called Qilā Bhaṅgīāṅ. Harī Siṅgh constantly harassed the Afghān invader, Ahmad Shāh Durrānī, during his invasions into India. A few months after the massacre of the Sikhs at Kup, near Mālerkoṭlā, in what is known in Sikh history as Vaḍḍā Ghallūghārā or the Great Killing (February 1762), Harī Siṅgh attacked Khwājā Sayyid kā Koṭ, and seized from there a large quantity of arms. In 1763, along with the Kanhaiyās and Rāmgaṛhīās, he sacked the Afghān stronghold of Kasūr. In 1764, he ravaged Bahāwalpur and Multān. Crossing the River Indus, he realized tribute from Balūchī chiefs in the districts of Muzaffargaṛh, Ḍerā Ghāzī Khān and Ḍerā Ismā'īl Khān. On his way back home, he reduced Jhaṅg, Chinioṭ and Siālkoṭ. When Bābā Ālā Siṅgh of Paṭiālā submitted to the authority of Ahmad Shāh Durrānī in March 1765 accepting certain concession from him, the Taruṇā Dal under Harī Siṅgh marched upon Paṭiālā to chastise him. Harī Siṅgh was killed in this campaign, allegedly owing to the conspiracy of those who had been jealous of his growing influence. According to Khushwaqt Rāi, Harī Siṅgh was poisoned to death.


  1. Griffin, Lepel, and C.F. Massy, Chiefs and Families of Note in the Punjab. Lahore, 1909
  2. Gupta, Hari Ram, History of the Sikhs, vol. IV. Delhi, 1982
  3. Gaṇḍā Siṅgh, Sardār Jassā Siṅgh Āhlūvālīā. Patiala, 1969

Sardār Siṅgh Bhāṭīā