HARĪĀṄ VELĀṄ, GURDWĀRĀ, 1.5 km north of the village of Bajrauṛ, 11 km southeast of Hoshiārpur (31º-32'N, 75º-55'E), is dedicated to Gurū Har Rāi. According to local tradition, Gurū Har Rāi visited here in 1651 on his way to Kīratpur. One Bābā Parjāpat brought wild creepers (velāṅ in Punjabi) for the Gurū's horses. The Gurū blessed him saying that his creepers will ever remain green (harīāṅ in Punjabi). Half a century later, a Sikh saṅgat from Daṛap region (Siālkoṭ district) proceeding to Anandpur to see Gurū Gobind Siṅgh was, on 15 March 1701, waylaid and looted by the Gujjars and Raṅghaṛs of Bajrauṛ. As the saṅgat reached Anandpur and reported the incident to Gurū Gobind Siṅgh, he deputed his eldest son, Sāhibzādā Ajīt Siṅgh, to chastise the miscreants. Sāhibzādā Ajīt Siṅgh humbled the residents of the village in a battle fought on 18 March 1701. A shrine was raised on the site where Sikhs killed in action were cremated. The present building was constructed sometime during the nineteenth century. The Gurū Granth Sāhib is seated in a domed pālakī in the centre of the sanctum topped by a gold-plated pinnacle. A date palm tree with green creepers climbing up along it marks the spot where Gurū Har Rāi's horse is believed to have been tethered and fed. The memorial of the martyrs, reconstructed during the 1970's and named Gurdwārā Shahīdāṅ, comprises a square domed sanctum, with decorative kiosks adorning the corners of the building. The shrine is affiliated to the Shiromaṇī Gurdwārā Parbandhak Committee, but is managed by Taruṇā Dal Nihaṅgs. Congregations on the last day of the dark half of every month, i.e. amāvasyā, attract large audiences, and religious fairs are held on the first of Baisākh (mid-April) and the first of Māgh (mid-January) .


  1. Tārā Siṅgh, Srī Gur Tīrath Saṅgrahi. Amritsar, n.d.
  2. Ṭhākar Siṅgh, Giānī, Srī Gurduāre Darshan. Amritsar, 1923

Major Gurmukh Siṅgh (Retd.)