HARNĀM SIṄGH, BHĀĪ (1897-1921), son of Bhāī Sundar Siṅgh and Māī Uttam Kaur, was among those who fell martyrs at Nankāṇā Sāhib on 20 February 1921. The traditional occupation of the family was weaving, but Harnām Siṅgh's father and grandfather took to peddling cloth. Harnām Siṅgh was hardly five years old when the family migrated to and permanently settled as drapers at Shāhkoṭ, an upcoming market town in Sheikhūpurā district. He learnt Gurmukhī (Punjabi) at home and adopted tailoring as a profession. In 1914, he was administered the vows of the Khālsā by a group headed by Bhāī Mahitāb Siṅgh Bīr. Harnām Siṅgh got up a preaching outfit comprising, besides himself, his younger brothers, Bachan Siṅgh and Dalīp Siṅgh, and went around spreading the Siṅgh Sabhā ideology, administering the rites of amrit and performing marriages in accordance with the Sikh ceremony of anand. He participated in the liberation of gurdwārās at Siālkoṭ (Bābe dī Ber), Chūhaṛkāṇā (Kharā Saudā) and Gojrā. Finally, he was one of the five volunteers of Shāhkoṭ who led by Bhāī Santā Siṅgh joined the jathā of Bhāī Lachhmaṇ Siṅgh Dhārovālī for their march towards Gurdwārā Janam Asthān, Nankāṇā Sāhib, where they attained martyrdom on 20 February 1921.


    Shamsher, Gurbakhsh Siṅgh, Shahīdī Jīvan. Nankana Sahib, 1938.

Gurcharan Siṅgh Giānī