HIMMAT SIṄGH, BHĀĪ (1661-1705), one of the Pañj Piāre, or the Five Beloved, celebrated in Sikh history, was born in 1661 at Jagannāth in a low caste family of water suppliers. He came to Anandpur at the young age of 17, and attached himself to the service of Gurū Gobind Siṅgh. Bhāī Himmat, as he was called before his initiation, was one of the five Sikhs who one by one offered to lay down their heads in response to the Gurū's successive calls made at an assembly of the Sikhs especially summoned on the occasion of Baisākhī of 1756 Bk corresponding to 30 March 1699. He along with the other four received the vows of the Khālsā at Gurū Gobind Siṅgh's hands and was renamed Himmat Siṅgh. Himmat Siṅgh proved a brave warrior and while at Anandpur, he took part in battles with the surrounding hill chiefs and imperial commanders. He died in the battle of Chamkaur on 7 December 1705.


  1. Chhibbar, Kesār Siṅgh, Baṅsāvalīnāmā Dasāṅ Pātshāhīaṅ Kā. Chandigarh, 1972
  2. Kuir Siṅgh, Gurbilās Pātshāhī 10. Chandigarh, 1968
  3. Santokh Siṅgh, Bhāī, Srī Gur Pratāp Sūraj Granth. Amritsar, 1927-33

Shamsher Siṅgh Ashok