HĪRĀ SIṄGH (b. 1835), son of Kirpāl Siṅgh, a jāgīrdār of the village of Saḍhaurā in Ambālā district of the Punjab, was born in 1835. He was one of the twenty-two sūbās, i.e. governors or deputies, appointed in different parts by the Nāmdhārī hierarchy. In 1869, Hīrā Siṅgh led a deputation of the Kūkās to Mahārājā Raṇbīr Siṅgh of Kashmīr who, at their request, agreed to raise a Kūkā regiment to which about 150 men were recruited. The regiment was, however, disbanded after two years under pressure of the British government. Hīrā Siṅgh was arrested along with Bābā Rām Siṅgh at Bhāiṇī Sāhib in 1872 after the Mālerkoṭlā incidents. Set at liberty, he visited Rangoon in August 1880, to see Bābā Rām Siṅgh then under detention there. Hīrā Siṅgh was arrested at Calcutta on 1 November 1880 on his return journey to the Punjab.


  1. Fauja Singh, Kuka Movement. Delhi, 1965
  2. Ahluwalia, M.M., Kukas : The Freedom Fighters of the Panjab. Bombay, 1965
  3. Gaṇḍā Siṅgh, Kūkiāṅ dī Vithiā. Amritsar, 1944

M. L. Āhlūwālīā