ILĀHĪ BAKHSH, an officer in Mahārājā Raṇjīt Siṅgh's army who commanded the special artillery wing of FaujiKhās and a portion of the artillery corps named Ḍerah-iIlāhī Bakhsh. General Ilāhī Bakhsh's topkhānā took part in most of the military campaigns of the Mahārājā. It was employed to great effect during the conquest of Multān in 1818, and, two years later, in the pacification of Hazārā and Ḍerā Ghāzī Khān. The Mahārājā often called upon General Ilāhī Bakhsh to display, on ceremonial occasions, the skill and effectiveness of his batteries. At the time of the Ropaṛ meeting in October 1831 between the Mahārājā and Lord William Bentinck, GovernorGeneral of India, Ilāhī Bakhsh arranged a demonstration of his artillery as well as of his own firing skill in the course of evening entertainments and the review of troops. Sir Lepel Griffin described him as "the best artillery officer in the Sikh army."


  1. Waheeduddin, Syed Faqir, The Real Ranjit Singh. Karachi, 1965
  2. Griffin, Lepel, Ranjit Singh. Delhi, 1957
  3. Khushwant Singh, A History of the Sikhs, vol. I. Princeton, 1963
  4. Sūrī, Sohan Lāl, 'Umdāt utTwārkh. Lahore, 188589

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