JAMES (d. 1825), in Sikh records known as James Sāhib Feringhee, was an Englishman from Yorkshire. A deserter from the British army, he had taken up service under Rājā Saṅsār Chand of Kāṅgṛā. In 1820, he left Saṅsār Chand and joined Mahārājā Raṇjīt Siṅgh's army as a gunner. In the Lahore Darbār records, he is also mentioned as Jackson. He died at Lahore in 1825.


    Grey, C., European Adventurers of Northern India, 1785-1849 [Reprint]. Patiala, 1970

Gulcharan Siṅgh