JAṄGNĀMĀ SARDĀR HARĪ SIṄGH NALVĀ, attributed to Bhāī Kāhn Siṅgh of Baṅgā, is an incomplete poem, in Punjabi, narrating the Sikh general's successful military campaign against the Afghāns (1835-37) . The only known manuscript, with some pages missing both at the beginning and at the end, was preserved in the Sikh Reference Library, Amritsar, under MS. No 5854 until 1984. Now it is available in published form in an anthology entitled Prāchīn Vārāṅ te Jaṅgnāme edited by Shamsher Siṅgh Ashok and brought out by the Shiromaṇī Gurdwārā Parbandhak Committee in 1950. Jaṅgnāmā Sardār Harī Siṅgh Nalvā begins with the birth of Mahārājā Raṇjīt Siṅgh whose career is traced up to his succession to the leadership of the Sukkarchakkīā misl after the death of his father, Mahāṅ Siṅgh, in 1792. After briefly touching upon Raṇjīt Siṅgh's success in suppressing the feudal chiefs, the poet shifts over to the Afghān challenge in the mid-thirties of the nineteenth century to the authority of the Sikh monarch. With a view to bringing Peshāwar effectively under control, the Mahārājā resolved to send Harī Siṅgh Nalvā to lead the campaign to subdue the Afghāns who had invaded the territory from beyond the Khaibār Pass. The account deals with Harī Siṅgh's march to Peshāwar, minor skirmishes with the tribals and the decisive battle against them and their ally, Dost Muhammad Khān. Harī Siṅgh Nalvā and his small contingent of men were surprised in the Fort of Jamrūd by the forces of Dost Muhammad Khān. The action that ensued is narrated in vivid detail. Harī Siṅgh Nalvā falls fighting, and the poet pays full homage to his spirit of courage and heroism.


    Ashok, Shamsher Siṅgh, Prachīn Vārāṅ te Jaṅgnāme. Amritsar, 1950

Ātamjīt Siṅgh