JASPAT RĀI (d. 1746), a native of Kalānaur, in Gurdāspur district of the Punjab, was during Mughal times the faujdār of Eminābād, now in Gujrāṅwālā district of Pakistan. A wealthy jāgīrdār and an influential courtier of Zakarīyā Khān, the governor of Lahore, he once ransomed Lakhpat Rāi, his elder brother, who had been imprisoned for failure to discharge the dues of the army, as a result of which he was reinstated by Zakarīyā Khān in his office of dīwān or revenue minister. Jaspat Rāi was in turn entrusted with the additional responsibility of checking the accounts of all the court nobles. Early in 1746, he was involved in a clash with a band of Sikhs which, driven from place to place by Lahore troops, had taken refuge in a thicket, near the village of Baddokī Gosāīāṅ, about 25 km north of Eminābād. Brought to bay in their hideout by Jaspat Rāi, they fought desperately. Nibāhū Siṅgh, a Ranghreṭṭā Sikh, catching hold of the tail of Jaspat's elephant leapt on to its back, struck off his head with a single blow of his sword and jumped down holding it in his hands. Seeing their master killed, the troops fled. Bāvā Kirpā Rām Gosāīṅ of Baddokī, Jaspat Rāi's religious preceptor, ransomed his head on payment of 500 rupees, and performed the cremation rites. Dīwān Lakhpat Rāi, vowed to avenge his brother's death, had a samādh built on the site.


  1. Bhaṅgū, Ratan Siṅgh, Prachīn Panth Prakāsh. Amritsar, 1914
  2. Giān Siṅgh, Giānī, Panth Prakāsh [Reprint]. Patiala, 1970
  3. Gaṇḍā Siṅgh, Māhārājā Kauṛā Mall Bahādur. Amritsar, 1942
  4. Gandhi, Surjit Singh, Struggle of the Sikhs for Sovereignty. Delhi, 1980

Surjīt Siṅgh Gāndhī