JAVĀLĀ SIṄGH PAḌHĀṆĪĀ alias LAKHDĀTĀ (d. 1835), a Sandhū Jaṭṭ of the village of Paḍhāṇā, in Lahore district, was a military commander in Sikh times. His father, Mit Siṅgh (d. 1814), had joined service under Mahāṅ Siṅgh Sukkarchakkīā and continued to serve under his son Mahārājā Raṇjīt Siṅgh, taking part in several of his military campaigns. Sohan Lāl Sūrī, the official Lahore diarist, lists Javālā Siṅgh, among the principal sardārs of the Mahārājā. Javālā Siṅgh following in his father's footsteps, took part in the Mahārājā's Mālvā campaign of 1807 and in expeditions of Multān (1818), Kashmīr (1819) and Mankerā (1821). He was put in charge of the fortress of Attock which he, with a handful of troops, successfully guarded against Afghān onslaughts. In 1829, Javālā Siṅgh suffered a stroke of paralysis and retired from active service. A brave soldier, he was a man of generous disposition. Many stories are current of his generosity towards faqīrs, Brāhmaṇs and indigent persons. It is recorded that he rescued from custody Dīwān Baisākhā Siṅgh a kārdār under Kaṅvar Sher Siṅgh, by paying his entire fine of over one lakh of rupees whereafter he came to be known as Lakhdātā (dispenser of lakhs or millions).

         Javālā Siṅgh, who was married to the elder sister of Mahārāṇī Jind Kaur, laid out an extensive garden midway between Lahore and the Badāmī Bāgh, which became the Mahārājā's favourite resort. He often held his court there and received foreign dignitaries.

        Javālā Siṅgh died in 1835.


  1. Sūrī, Sohan Lāl, Umdāt-ut-Twārīkh, Lahore, 1885-89
  2. Griffin, Lepel, and C.F. Massy, Chiefs and Families of Note in the Punjab. Lahore, 1909

Gulcharan Siṅgh