JAVĀLĀ SIṄGH, SANT ( 1878-1938), a pious and learned Sikh who also worked as a royal tutor for a time, was born at the village of Dhāmīāṅ Kalāṅ, in Hoshiārpur district of the Punjab, on 26 October 1878. He learnt to read Gurmukhī and the Sikh Scripture at the hands of an Udāsī priest, Giānī Prem Dās, and continued further religious study under different scholars and theologians, including Sant Khazān Siṅgh Virakt of Sukkho in Rāwalpiṇḍī district (now in Pakistan) . The death register of the Municipal Committee of Paṭiālā where he died shows him, in the parentage column, as chelā or disciple of Sant Gulāb Siṅgh. Such was Sant Javālā Siṅgh's reputation as a scholar that he was in 1905 appointed to instruct Mahārājā Bhūpinder Siṅgh of Paṭiālā (1891-1938), then a young prince of 14, in Sikh texts and doctrine. Brought up in the austere way of a Nirmalā sādhū, Sant Javālā Siṅgh now adopted the attire of a courtier, though he remained at heart a deeply religious person. Collection of rare articles became one of his hobbies. He also wrote humorous verse in Braj. However, none of his writings has survived, except a six-page Sīharfī Vedānt Svarūp Bodhanī, published in 1892. It is an acrostic in Punjabi, in baint metre, based on letters of the Persian alphabet.

         Sant Javālā Siṅgh died at Paṭiālā on 24 March 1938 in a stampede occurring in the funeral procession of his own pupil, Mahārājā Bhūpinder Siṅgh.


    Ganeshā Siṅgh, Mahant, Nirmal Bhūshan arthāt Itihās Nirmal Bhekh. Amritsar, n.d.

Gursewak Siṅgh