JAVĀLĀ SIṄGH, son of Desā Siṅgh of Rājā Sāṅsī, in Amritsar district, accompanied Ṭhākur Siṅgh Sandhāṅvālīā to England in 1884 to call on the deposed sovereign of the Punjab, Duleep Siṅgh, and stayed there for nine months as the Mahārājā's guest. In February 1887, Javālā Siṅgh joined Ṭhākur Siṅgh in Pondicherry, a French colony near Madrās, where the latter had set up an emigre government on behalf of the Mahārājā. The same year, Ṭhākur Siṅgh died and Javālā Siṅgh was charged with bringing his ashes to his ancestral village, Rājā Sāṅsī. In the Punjab, he remained under police surveillance for some time and was once arrested for interrogation.


    Ganda Singh, ed., History of the Freedom Movement in the Panjab (Maharaja Duleep Singh Correspondence) . Patiala, 1972

K. S. Thāpar