JAVAND SIṄGH MOKAL (d. 1840), soldier and courtier of Mahārājā Raṇjīt Siṅgh. His father, Ṭhākur Siṅgh, held a minor command. Javand Siṅgh joined the Sikh army as a trooper. He was placed under Dīwān Muhkam Chand and took part in the battle fought near Attock, in July 1813. The same year he fought in the battle of Haidrū in which the Sikhs worsted the Wazīr of Kābul, Fateh Khān. For his gallantry in the battle he was assigned a jāgīr worth Rs 30,000 annually in Gujrāt district. He also took part in the expeditions of Multān (1818) and Kashmīr (1819). His fortune rose quickly, and he became a sardār and companion of the Mahārājā.

         Javand Siṅgh, along with his troops, was in the entourage of the Mahārājā at the Ropaṛ meeting in 1831. His sons, Belā Siṅgh and Gurmukh Siṅgh, inherited the jāgīr. The former, with 200 horse, took part in the first Anglo-Sikh war. He was wounded at Sabhrāoṅ and washed away in the River Sutlej. Belā Siṅgh's son, Surjan Siṅgh, fought in the second Anglo-Sikh war. His jāgīr was confiscated by the British.


  1. Sūrī, Sohan Lāl, 'Umdāt-ut-Twārīkh, Lahore, 1885-89
  2. Gupta, Hari Ram, Punjab on the Eve of First Sikh War. Chandigarh, 1975
  3. Griffin, Lepel, and C.F. Massy, Chiefs and Families of Note in the Punjab. Lahore, 1909

Sardār Siṅgh Bhāṭīā