JAWĀHAR SIṄGH (1814-1845), son of Mannā Siṅgh Aulakh, was wazīr or prime minister of the Sikh kingdom for a few months from 14 May 1845 to 21 September 1845 during the regency of his sister, Mahārāṇī Jind Kaur. He was appointed guardian to his young nephew, Duleep Siṅgh, who came to the throne in September 1843. After the fall of Hīrā Siṅgh and his adviser Paṇḍit Jallā in December 1844, three persons, Lāl Siṅgh, Gulāb Siṅgh and Jawāhar Siṅgh staked their claim to prime ministership. Mahārāṇī Jind Kaur, who kept the control of Lahore affairs in her hands, had ultimately Jawāhar Siṅgh appointed prime minister on 14 May 1845. Jawāhar Siṅgh's tenure of office proved to be the briefest. He was drawn into the vortex of courtly intrigue and was instrumental in having Kaṅvar Pashaurā Siṅgh murdered after he had thrown himself at the mercy of the troops and was being brought back to Lahore from Attock. This enraged the army who resolved to punish him forthwith. Jawāhar Siṅgh was required by the army pañches (leaders) to present himself before them on 21 September 1845. He prevaricated, and even tried to win them over by free distribution of gold, but to no avail. At last he appeared before them on the given date in the company of his sister, Mahārāṇī Jind Kaur, and the Mahārājā. Paying no heed to the entreaties of the wailing sister, the soldiers speared him to death as he came within their reach.


  1. Khushwant Singh, A History of the Sikhs, vol. ll. Princeton, 1966
  2. Harbans Singh, The Heritage of the Sikhs. Delhi, 1983
  3. Gill, Avtar Singh, Lahore Darbar and Rani Jindan. Ludhiana, 1983

J. S. Khurānā