JHAṆḌĀ SIṄGH (d. 1774) succeeded his father, Harī Siṅgh, to the leadership of the Bhaṅgī principality upon his death in 1765. Under Jhaṇḍā Siṅgh, the power and prestige of the Bhāngī misl rapidly increased. In 1766, he challenged both Shujā' Khān, Afghān governor of Multān, and Mubārak Khān, the ruler of Bahāwalpur. As a result of the battle that followed, the holy town of Pākpaṭṭan was declared to be the line of demarcation between the Bhaṅgī territories and those belonging to the Muslim chiefs. In 1772, Jhaṇḍā Siṅgh attacked Multān once again, and drove out the Nawāb. Multān became a Khālsā territory and the city was parcelled out between Jhaṇḍā Siṅgh and his commander, Lahiṇā Siṅgh. Jhaṇḍā Siṅgh then went on to sack Jhaṅg, Khushāb, Mankerā and Kālā Bāgh. He also attacked the stronghold of Chaṭṭhā Jaṭṭs at Rasūlnagar, later known as Rāmnagar. He seized from there the Zamzamā gun, which later became famous as Bhāṅgīāṅ dī Top, i.e. the gun of the Bhaṅgīs, and carried it to Amritsar. Jhaṇḍā Siṅgh completed at Amritsar the Fort of the Bhaṅgīs begun by his father, Harī Siṅgh. He also laid out a garden there and erected another Kaṭrā or bazaar named after him.

         Towards the end of his career, Jhaṇḍā Siṅgh was involved in constant warfare and feud with the other Sikh chiefs. He was killed in 1774 when embroiled in a battle with the Kanhaiyās and the Sukkarchakkīās at Jammū wither he had marched to settle the issue of succession to the chiefship.


  1. Griffin, Lepel, and C.F. Massy, Chiefs and Families of Note in the Punjab. Lahore, 1909
  2. Seetal, Sohan Singh, The Sikh Misals and the Panjab. Ludhiana, n.d.

Sardār Siṅgh Bhāṭīā