JĪT MALL, a cousin of Gurū Gobind Siṅgh, was the son of Bhāī Sādhu, a Khoslā Khatrī of Mallā, in present-day Farīdkoṭ district of the Punjab, and Bībī Vīro, daughter of Gurū Hargobind and elder sister of Gurū Tegh Bahādur. As recorded in Gurū Gobind Siṅgh's autobiographical poem Bachitra Nāṭak, Jīt Mall and his four brothers took a heroic part in the battle of Bhaṅgāṇī, near Pāoṇṭā, now in Himāchal Pradesh, fought on 18 September 1688. In reverberating verse matching the fierce pace of the battle, Gurū Gobind Siṅgh describes how the mighty Rājā Harī Chand who had kept up a deadly discharge of arrows was challenged by Jīt Mall and felled with a single thrust of his spear. Jīt Mall was among two of the five brothers who were killed in the battle.


  1. Bachitra Nāṭak
  2. Kuir Siṅgh, Gurbilās Pātshāhī 10. Patiala, 1968
  3. Harbans Singh, Guru Gobind Siṅgh. Chandigarh, 1966
  4. Macauliffe, Max Arthur, The Sikh Religion. Oxford, 1909

Major Gurmukh Siṅgh (Retd.)