JĪVANDĀ, BHĀĪ, whose name is included by Bhāī Gurdās among prominent Sikhs of the first half of the sixteenth century, received initiation at the hands of Gurū Aṅgad. As he first visited the Gurū, he was accompanied by Bhāī Durgā and Bhāī Lālū. The Gurū in the words of Bhāī Manī Siṅgh, Sikhāṅ dī Bhagat Mālā, spoke to them : "There is nothing to match parupkār, i.e. acts of goodwill and charity. One should put the welfare of others above one's own interests, share with the needy what one has, contribute the labour of one's hands and limbs for the common good, and pray for the well-being of all." Bhāī Jīvandā and his companions became the Gurū's disciples and practised his advice. Bhāī Gurdās, in his Vārāṅ, XI. 15, calls them parupkārī or men dedicated to doing good to others.


  1. Manī Siṅgh, Bhāī, Sikhāṅ dī Bhagat Mālā. Amritsar, 1955
  2. Santokh Siṅgh, Bhāī, Srī Gur Pratāp Sūraj Granth. Amritsar, 1927-33
  3. Vīr Siṅgh, Bhāī, ed., Vārāṅ Bhāī Gurdās. Amritsar, 1962

Balbīr Siṅgh Dil