JUJHĀR SIṄGH, SĀHIBZĀDĀ (1691-1705), the second son of Gurū Gobind Siṅgh, was born to Mātā Jītojī āt Anandpur on l4 March 1691. Like his elder brother, Ajīt Siṅgh, he started training in the fighting skills as soon as he started learning the religious texts. In 1699, when he was eight years old, he received the rites of Khālsā initiation. By the time it became necessary to leave Anandpur under the pressure of a besieging host in December 1705, Jujhār Siṅgh, nearing the completion of his fifteenth year, was an experienced young warrior, strong and fearless. He was one of the band that successfully waded through the flooded Sarsā rivulet on horseback and made good their way to Chamkaur by nightfall on 6 December 1705, with the adversary in hot pursuit. With little respite during the night, he participated in the next day's battle warding off assault after assault upon the gaṛhī, the fortified house in which Gurū Gobind Siṅgh had, along with his 40 Sikhs and two sons, taken shelter. As they ran out of ammunition and arrows, Sikhs inside split themselves into batches of five each who would go out one after the other to engage the besiegers in hand-to-hand combat. Jujhār Siṅgh led the last sally towards the end of the day (7 December 1705), and laid down his life fighting near the place where he had earlier seen his elder brother fall. Gurdwārā Qatalgaṛh in Chamkaur Sāhib now marks the site.


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  3. Giān Singh, Giānī, Panth Prakāsh. Patiala, 1970
  4. Padam, Piārā Siṅgh, Chār Sāhibzāde. Patiala, 1970
  5. Macauliffe, Max Arthur, The Sikh Religion. Oxford, 1909

Shamsher Siṅgh Ashok