KAPŪR SIṄGH, BHĀĪ (d. 1924), one of the martyrs of Jaito, was born around the turn of the century, the son of Bhāī Varīām Siṅgh Brāṛ and Māī Nand Kaur, a peasant couple of village Laṇḍe in the present Farīdkoṭ district of the Punjab. He took pāhul of the Khālsā and joined the first shahīdī jathā, or a band of Akālī volunteers, ready for martyrdom, who were marching towards Jaito, a town in the then Nābhā state, to win the right of freedom of worship in the historical Gurdwārā Gaṅgsar there. As the jathā approached the outskirts of Jaito on the morning of 21 February 1924, it was fired upon by the state security forces. A bullet pierced Bhāī Kapūr Siṅgh's body through the hips. Some comrades carried him to Gurdwārā Ṭibbī Sāhib where he succumbed to his injury. The state police took away his body for mass cremation along with twenty odd other victims of the firing. Bhāī Kapūr Siṅgh was unmarried and had already lost his parents.


  1. Pratāp Siṅgh, Giānī, Gurdwārā Sudhār arthāt Akālī Lahir. Amritsar, 1975
  2. Josh, Sohan Siṅgh, Akālī Morchiāṅ dā Itihās. Delhi, 1972

Gurcharan Siṅgh Giānī