KARAM SIṄGH (d. 1923), Babar revolutionary, was born Naraiṇ Siṅgh at the village of Daulatpur, in Jalandhar district. Naraiṇ Siṅgh attended the village school and in 1912 left home to seek his fortune in Canada. In Canada he came under the influence of Asā Siṅgh alias Mahtāb Siṅgh, who had been active in the Ghadr revolution. Fired with patriotic zeal, Naraiṇ Siṅgh returned to India in 1914, and received at Nankāṇā Sāhib the rites of the Khālsā, and his new name Karam Siṅgh. As an Akālī jathedār, he addressed meetings in the countryside inciting people to rise against the British. He formed a terrorist group, Chakravartī Jathā, which counted among its members Āsā Siṅgh Bhakrudī, Karam Siṅgh Jhiṅgaṛ, Dalīp Siṅgh Gosal and Dhannā Siṅgh of Bahibalpur.

         A political conference convened by Karam Siṅgh at Mahitpur in February 1921 initiated a campaign for indoctrination in armed revolution. Major dīvāns took place at Māhalpur (March 1921), at Kukkaṛ Muzārā (October 1921), at Koṭ Fatūhī (February 1922) and at Kaulgaṛh (May 1922). Karam Siṅgh also sponsored the publication of a radical paper in Punjabi, the Babar Akālī Doābā. He brought out the first three issues, dated 20, 21 and 24 August 1922, after which Kishan Siṅgh Gaṛgajj took over the editorship. Meanwhile, the police cordon tightened. As a result of the treachery of Anūp Siṅgh Mānko, who pretended to be a helper of the Babar Akālīs, Karam Siṅgh, Bishan Siṅgh of Māṅgaṭ, Ude Siṅgh of Rāmgaṛh Jhugīāṅ and Mohindar Siṅgh of Paṇḍorī Gaṅgā Siṅgh were surrounded by a police party at the village of Bambelī on 1 September 1923, and killed to a man in what was clearly an unequal fight.


  1. Nijjar, Bakhshish Singh, History of the Babar Akalis. Jalandhar, 1987
  2. Sundar Siṅgh, Babbar Akālī Lahir. Amritsar, 1970
  3. Nijjar, Milkhā Siṅgh, Babar Akālī Lahir dā ltihās. Delhi, 1986

Kamlesh Mohan