KĀSHĪ RĀM (b. 1658), a Kāyasth poet in attendance upon Gurū Gobind Siṅgh (1666-1708), who composed, in 1690, Pāṇḍava Gītā, a versified dialogue between Nārad and Bhīṣma based on "Sānti Parva" of the Mahābhārata. Kāshī Rām's name does not figure in the usual roster of Gurū Gobind Siṅgh's poets, but the poem itself contains evidence to show that he belonged to the group. The invocatory as well as the concluding stanza of the text pays homage to Gurū Gobind Siṅgh, his patron. Pāṇḍava Gītā is composed in alternating poetic forms, raḍḍs and pauṛīs. While the language of the raḍḍs is Hindi, the pauṛīs are in the poetic Punjabi of the time.


  1. Padam, Piārā Siṅgh, Srī Gurū Gobind Siṅgh Jī de Darbārī Ratan. Patiala, 1976
  2. Vidiārthī, Devinder, Srī Gurū Gobind Siṅgh Abhinandan. Amritsar, 1983

Piārā Siṅgh Padam