KESHO GOPĀL, PAṆḌIT, a learned Brāhmaṇ, became a devotee of Gurū Amar Dās. According to Sarūp Dās Bhallā, Mahimā Prakāsh, he used to give discourses at the afternoon gatherings called by the Gurū at Goindvāl. The words keso gopāl paṇḍit, appearing in the Gurū Granth Sāhib in the composition entitled Sadd and taken by traditional commentators as alluding to an historical person, have been proved by modern scholars, on the basis of linguistic analysis and textual interpretation, as referring generally to holy men of God. However, according to an old manuscript, Mahimā Prakāsh Srī Gurū Amar Dev, one Kesho Paṇḍit was head of a mañjī, appointed by Gurū Amar Dās. This Kesho Paṇḍit is most likely the same as Paṇḍit Kesho Gopāl.


  1. Bhallā, Sarūp Dās, Mahimā Prakāsh, Patiala, 1971
  2. Santokh Siṅgh, Bhāi, Srī Gur Pratāp Sūraj Granth. Amritsar, 1927-33
  3. Macauliffe, M.A., The Sikh Religion. Oxford, 1909

Balbīr Siṅgh Dil