KHĀN CHHĀPRĪ (locally known as simply Chhāprī), a small village 8 km west of Goindvāl (31º-22'N, 75º-9'E) in Amritsar district of the Punjab, was visited successively by Gurū Aṅgad, Gurū Amar Dās, Gurū Arjan and Gurū Hargobind. Originally named Khānpur, the habitation had once been reduced to a ruined mound. During the time of Gurū Aṅgad's stay at Khaḍūr Sāhib, as records Sarūp Dās Bhallā, Mahimā Prakāsh, once a severe drought hit the place. A yogī claiming supernatural powers and jealous of the Gurū's popularity, incited the peasants against him saying, "You honour him [Gurū Aṅgad], a Khatrī householder, as gurū in preference to an ascetic like me. Now go to him for rain, or expel him from the place and I shall get you rain." As the peasants went to the Gurū, he spoke to them, "Rain and drought are by God's Will. It cannot rain simply by my saying so." Gurū Aṅgad thereupon left Khaḍūr accompanied by Bhāī Buḍḍhā and made his temporary abode on the mound of Khānpur. Yet there was no rain at Khaḍūr and the people were becoming critical of the yogī. Meanwhile, Bābā (later Gurū) Amar Dās, who was at Goindvāl came to Khaḍūr and, learning about what had happened, rebuked the peasants for their ill treatment of the Gurū. It so happened that as the yogī was being chastised by the villagers, it began raining. Bābā Amar Dās and the repentant peasants came to Khānpur and escorted the Gurū back to Khaḍūr Sāhib.

         Once during the winter season, Gurū Arjan (1563-1606), while travelling in these parts with a few attendants, was suddenly caught in rain and storm. Bhāī Hemā, poor inhabitant of Khānpur, extended the hospitality of his humble thatched hut, chhaprī in Punjabi, to them. The chhaprī was consecrated and Khānpur became Khān Chhāprī. Gurū Hargobind also visited the place on his way to the Mālvā. The present building of Gurdwārā Chhāprī Sāhib, raised during the 1970's, comprises a marble-floored hall, with the sanctum in the middle. The dome above the sanctum is lined with porcelain chips and topped with a gold-plated pinnacle. In front of the hall is a spacious, marbled terrace and a small octagonal sarovar. The Gurdwārā is administered by a local committee under the auspices of the Shiromaṇī Gurdwārā Parbandhak Committee.


  1. Giān Siṅgh, Giānī, Twārīkh Gurduāriāṅ. Amritsar, n.d.
  2. Tārā Siṅgh, Srī Gurū Tīrath Saṅgrahi. Kankhal, 1975

Gurnek Siṅgh