KHIĀLĀ KALĀṄ, a village 8 km north from Mānsā (29º-59'N, 75º-23'E) in Mānsā district of the Punjab, is sacred to Gurū Tegh Bahādur. As the Gurū once arrived here, a Brāhmaṇ peasant, just returned after ploughing his fields, waited on him. The Gurū asked him to fetch some fire. He brought the fire and also a pitcher of milk. The milk was distributed among the Sikhs. The Gurū blessed the Brāhmaṇ saying, "Your pitchers will never be empty of milk." He also gave him a bronze bowl which is still preserved in the family as a sacred relic. According to local tradition, the villagers complained about the scarcity of drinking water. The Gurū shot an arrow and said, "Dig where the arrow falls and plant a banyan tree there." The arrow flew over the village on to the other side. The Gurū left the next morning; the villagers followed the instructions he had given and were amazed to strike sweet water on the site where his arrow had fallen. There are now three gurdwārās in Khiālā Kalāṅ commemorating Gurū Tegh Bahādur's visit.

        GURDWĀRĀ PĀTSHĀHĪ IX, locally called Gurdwārā Mahantāṅvālā, marking the site where Gujjar Rām, the Brāhmaṇ, had, according to his descendants, offered milk to the Gurū, is on the northern outskirts of the village. It comprises a square sanctum inside a brick paved rectangular hall, with a verandah in front. The Gurdwārā, which owns 50 acres of land originally granted by the former rulers of Paṭiālā in whose domain Khiālā Kalāṅ lay, is under the control of the Shiromaṇī Gurdwārā Parbandhak Committee.

        GURDWĀRĀ BER SĀHIB, close to Gurdwārā Mahantāṅvālā, has been recently constructed around the ber tree under which Gurū Tegh Bahādur had sat. It is a flat-roofed rectangular room in which the Gurū Granth Sāhib is seated. The management is in hands of the local saṅgat.

        GURDWĀRĀ TĪRSAR MIṬṬHĀ KHŪH is near the well of sweet water (miṭṭhā Khūh in Punjabi), dug by the villagers where the tīr, or arrow, shot by Gurū Tegh Bahādur had fallen. The old well is still in use, but the Gurdwārā building has been constructed anew in recent years by the Nihaṅgs of the Buḍḍhā Dal, who administer it.


  1. Giān Siṅgh, Giānī, Twārīkh Gurduāriāṅ. Amritsar, n.d.
  2. Tārā Siṅgh, Srī Guru Tīrath Saṅgrahi. Kankhal, 1975

Major Gurmukh Siṅgh (Retd.)