KISHAN CHAND, RĀI (d.1873), news-writer and vakīl or agent of the Sikh court at Ludhiāṇā, the British post on the Anglo-Sikh frontier, was son of Bakhshī Anand Siṅgh. Well versed in diplomacy, he accompanied Colonel Claude Wade on a political mission to Peshāwar in 1839. In 1840, Kaṅvar Nau Nihāl Siṅgh conferred on him the title of Rāi. After the death of Mahārājā Sher Siṅgh, he began exercising civil and criminal powers over territories under the protection of the Lahore Darbār, and amassed great wealth. When Rājā Hīrā Siṅgh became the prime minister, he grew jealous of Rāi Kishan Chand's increasing influence and his pro-Gulāb Siṅgh leanings. As hostilities broke out between the British and the Sikhs in 1845, Kishan Chand left Ludhiāṇā and crossed the Sutlej into the Punjab. He lost his jāgīrs when the Jalandhar Doāb was annexed by the British. He was one of the signatories to the treaty of Bharovāl on behalf of the minor Mahārājā Duleep Siṅgh and for some time attended on the British Resident at Lahore before being permitted to retire to Baṭālā.

        Kishan Chand died in 1873.


  1. Sūrī, Sohan Lāl, Umdāt-ut-Twārīkh, Lahore, 1885-89
  2. Griffin, Lepel, and C.F. Massy, Chiefs and Families of Note in the Punjab. Lahore, 1909

G. S. Chhābṛā