LACHHMAṆ SIṄGH GILL (1917-1969), Akālī politician and chief minister of the Punjab for a brief term, was born at Jagrāoṅ in Ludhiāṇā district. He started life in 1937 as a government contractor. He entered politics via the Shiromaṇī Akālī Dal of which he became a member during the Punjabi Sūbā morchā or agitation. The agitation was started in the 1950's in support of a separate state for the Punjabi-speaking people to be carved out of the then existing Punjab. In 1960 began his membership of the executive committee of the Shiromaṇī Gurdwārā Parbandhak Committee. In 1966, he was elected a member of the Sikh Educational Committee for the management of Sikh colleges at Qādīāṅ (Gurdāspur) and at Baṅgā Jalandhar). In 1962, he was nominated a member of the Srī Nankāṇā Sāhib Education Trust, Ludhiāṇā. In 1961, he became general secretary of the Shiromaṇī Gurdwārā Parbandhak Committee.

         The renewal of the Punjabi Sūbā agitation in 1959-6l ended in a split in the Shiromaṇī Akālī Dal. Lachhmaṇ Siṅgh Gill sided with the group led by Sant Fateh Siṅgh. In the legislative elections held in 1962 he was elected a member of the Punjab Assembly from Jagrāoṅ constituency. The Punjab went through a major realignment of its boundaries in 1966 when Haryāṇā and the Punjab were split into two political entities.

         Lachhmaṇ Siṅgh Gill was elected to the legislative assembly (this time from Dharamkoṭ constituency in Fīrozpur district) in February 1967. Although the Akālī Dal won only 26 seats against 48 for the Congress in a house of 104, it made a joint front of all non-Congress MLA's and a few independents and formed a ministry headed by Sardār Gurnām Siṅgh. Lachhmaṇ Siṅgh Gill was sworn in as minister for education and revenue on 8 March 1967. However, in April he joined Harcharan Siṅgh Huḍiārā to form a separate group. By November this group had a strength of 19 members led by Lachhmaṇ Siṅgh. On 22 November 1967 Lachhmaṇ Siṅgh Gill pledged his support to the Congress party. The United Front ministry put in its resignation the same day. The Congress party, however, instead of forming a ministry of their own offered support to Lachhmaṇ Siṅgh Gill, who was sworn in as Chief Minister on 25 November 1967. Lachhmaṇ Siṅgh Gill's first action as chief minister was to declare Punjabi as the official language up to the secretariat level. The language bill was passed in the assembly on 19 December and it received the governor's assent on 29 December 1967. According to this bill, Punjabi was to come into force by 14 January 1968 up to district level and by 13 April up to secretariat level. He had already announced on 13 December 1967, the grant of U.G.C. (University Grants Commission) grades to university teachers. His other historic decision was to connect all villages to market towns with metalled roads. On 20 August 1968 the Congress party withdrew its support leading to the fall of Lachhmaṇ Siṅgh Gill's ministry. The Punjab was placed under the President's rule. In the mid-term elections which took place in February 1969, Sardār Gurnām Siṅgh bounced back into power, heading a United Front ministry.

         Lachhmaṇ Siṅgh Gill died of a severe heart attack at Chaṇḍīgaṛh on 26 April 1969.


  1. Dilgeer, Harjinder Siṅgh Shiromaṇī Akālī Dal. Chandigarh, 1980
  2. Ashok, Shamsher Siṅgh, Shiromanī Gurdwārā Parbandhak Committee dā Pañjah Sālā Itihās. Amritsar, 1982
  3. Wallace, Paul and Surendra Chopra, eds., Political Dynamics of Punjab. Amritsar, 1981

Major Gurmukh Siṅgh (Retd.)