LAIRDEE (d. 1846), an Englishman who deserted the East India Company's artillery and came to Lahore. He took up service under the Sikhs in 1842. He trained the gunners and was one of the few Europeans who actually fought against the English in the first Anglo-Sikh war. At Sabhrāoṅ (10 February 1846) he fell into British hands and was killed.


    Grey, C., European Adventurers of Northern India, 1785-1849 [Reprint]. Patiala, 1970

Gulcharan Siṅgh