LĀL CHAND, a confectioner-turned-warrior, won praise from Gurū Gobind Siṅgh for his feats in the battle of Bhaṅgāṇī (1688). Thus does the Gurū eulogize him in his Bachitra Nāṭak, "Wrathful became Lāl Chand. His face turned red, he humbled the pride of many a lion (i.e. enemy stalwarts)." A contemporary poet Saināpati, in his brief encomium to Lāl Chand in his Srī Gur Sobhā, likens the intensity of the latter's fighting to "a peasant harvesting his crop, " or [a volunteer] "ladling out curry [during a feast]."


  1. Bachitra Nāṭak
  2. Senāpati, Kavi, Srī Gur Sobhā. ed. Ganda Singh. Patiala, 1980
  3. Santokh Siṅgh, Bhāī, Srī Gur Pratāp Sūraj Granth. Amritsar, 1927-33
  4. Macauliffe, Max Arthur, The Sikh Religion. Oxford, 1909

Piārā Siṅgh Padam