MAHITĀB DEVĪ (d. 1839), known as Rāṇī Kaṭochāṅ or Rānī Gaddaṇ, was daughter of Rājā Saṅsār Chand Kaṭoch of Kāṅgṛā. She was married to Mahārājā Raṇjit Siṅgh in 1829 and had great influence over him. At Lahore she introduced the art of Phulkārī embriodery, arranged marriages of orphan girls and established a school of hill music and dance. She had also a fine collection of hill miniatures and her palace was a treasure of art. She ended her life by immolating herself on the funeral pyre of her husband on 28 June 1839. Before the pyre was lit, she took the Mahārājā's head into her lap and extracted promises from all the sardārs to be loyal to Khaṛak Siṅgh, the successor Mahārājā.


  1. Ganda Singh, ed., Maharaja Ranjit Singh : First Death Centenary Memorial Volume. Amritsar, 1939
  2. Bhagat Singh, Maharaja Ranjit Singh and His Times. Delhi, 1990
  3. Khushwant Singh, Ranjit Singh Maharajah of the Punjab (1780-1839). London, 1962
  4. Khullar, K.K., Maharaja Ranjit Singh. Delhi, 1980

Sardār Siṅgh Bhāṭīā