MAHITĀB KAUR (d. 1813), the first wife of Mahārājā Raṇjīt Siṅgh, was the daughter of Gurbakhsh Siṅgh Kanhaiyā and Sadā Kaur. Sadā Kaur persuaded her father-in-law, Jai Siṅgh Kanhaiyā, after her husband had been killed in a show of arms with Mahāṅ Siṅgh Sukkarchakkīā, to betroth her daughter to the son of the Sukkarchakkīā chief. The marriage took place in 1796 with great eclat, but Raṇjīt Siṅgh failed to win the affection of Mahitāb Kaur for she could not forget the fact that her father had been killed by the father of her husband. She lived mostly with her mother at Baṭālā. This estrangement was complete after Raṇjīt Siṅgh took Rāj Kaur in marriage. Mahitāb Kaur gave birth to three sons — Īshar Siṅgh who died in infancy and the twins, Sher Siṅgh and Tārā Siṅgh. She died in 1813.


  1. Ganda Singh, ed., Maharaja Ranjit Singh : First Death Centenary Memorial Volume. Amritsar, 1939
  2. Khushwant Singh, Ranjit Singh, Maharajah of the Punjab (1780-1839) . London, 1962
  3. Bhagat Singh, Maharaja Ranjit Singh and His Times. Delhi, 1990
  4. Khullar, K.K., Maharaja Ranjit Singh. Delhi, 1980

Sardār Siṅgh Bhāṭīā