MĀṆAK CHAND JĪVAṚĀ, a Patharīā Khatrī of the village of Vairovāl, now in Amritsar district of the Punjab, was a devoted Sikh of the time of Gurū Amar Dās. He lovingly contributed the labour of his hands to digging the Bāolī, or open well with steps going down to water level, at Goindvāl. In the course of: digging, Sikhs came across a stratum of hard rock. As the last layer was in the end pierced, water suddenly gushed forth drowning Māṇak Chand who had struck the final blow. There was great commotion among the Sikhs standing around the well. They seized Māṇak Chand's body as the water subsided, and carried it to Gurū Amar Dās. Everyone except the Gurū took him for dead. Māṇak Chand did survive and the Gurū blessed him calling him Jīvaṛā, the living one. He was made head of a mañjī or head of a religious seat. His descendants living in Vairovāl are still called Jīvaṛās.


  1. Bhallā, Sarūp Dās, Mahimā Prakāsh. Patiala, 1971
  2. Santokh Siṅgh, Bhāī, Srī Gur Pratāp Sūraj Granth. Amritsar, 1927-35
  3. Macauliffe, M.A., The Sikh Religion. Oxford, 1909.

Balbīr Siṅgh Dil