MAṄGAL, or MAṄGAL RĀI, one of Gurū Gobind Siṅgh's "fifty-two poets", was a native of Pasrūr, in present-day Siālkoṭ district of Pakistan. Maṅgal composed poetry in Hindi, Punjabi and ḍogrī. His major surviving work is a translation of "Śalya Parva" of the Mahābhārata in Hindi verse which he completed at Anandpur on Chetvadī 13, 1753 Bk/ 10 March 1697. Inthe concluding stanzas, he waxes eloquent about the rich bounties Gurū Gobind Siṅgh bestowed upon the poets. "The Śalya Parva", says the poet, "has been rendered into bhākhā (Hindi) during the reign of Gurū Gobind (Siṅgh), money in millions and billions he distributes to meet the needs of the poets." In some of his Punjabi and Hindi kabitts, too, he sings praises of the Gurū's largesse and of the blissful life at Anandpur. A manuscript of "Śalya Parva" by Maṅgal is preserved in the private collection of the Mahārājā of Paṭiālā. A copy of it, said to be in the personal Library of the Mahārājā of Vārāṇasī, has the name of the poet as Maṅgal Rāi.


  1. Padam, Piārā Siṅgh, Srī Gurū Gobind Jī de Darbārī Ratan. Patiala, 1976
  2. Kāhn Siṅgh, Bhāī, Gurushabad Ratnākar Mahān Kosh [Reprint]. Patiala, 1981

Piārā Siṅgh Padam