MANĪ RĀM, BHĀĪ (1644-1734), from a devoted Sikh family of Pramār Rājpūts, was, according to Sevā Siṅgh, Shahīd Bilās (Bhāī Manī Siṅgh), the third of the twelve sons of Nāik Māī Dās and his wife, Madharī Bāī, of 'Alīpur village in Muzaffargaṛh district. His grandfather, Ballū, had laid down his life fighting for Gurū Hargobind (1595-1644), in the battle of Amritsar in 1634. Born on 10 March 1644, Manī Rām was brought by his father to Gurū Har Rāi(1630-61) at Kīratpur in 1657. He stayed there for two years, receiving instruction in Sikh lore. In 1659, he returned to his native 'Alīpur to get married to Sīto Devī, daughter of Lakkhī Rāi of Khāirpur Sādāt, Muzaffargaṛh district, a trader and caravan owner who later, in 1675, had the honour of cremating the body of Gurū Tegh Bahādur.

         Sometime after his marriage, Manī Rām, along with his two brothers, Jeṭhā and Dayālā, returned to Kīratpur and humbly devoted himself to serving in the Gurū kā Laṅgar. On the passing away of Gurū Har Rāi, he continued to attend on his successor, Gurū Har Krishan, till the latter's death on 30 March 1664. Thereafter, he stayed put in 'Alīpur, visiting Kīratpur and Anandpur between whiles to pay his homage to Gurū Tegh Bahādur and Gurū Gobind Siṅgh. When, on 30 March 1699, Gurū Gobind Siṅgh inaugurated the Khālsā, Manī Rām was there with five of his sons whom he presented to the Gurū for initiation. The five, Bachittar Siṅgh, Ude Siṅgh, Anik Siṅgh, Ajab Siṅgh and Ajāib Siṅgh, remained with the Gurū and took part in all the battles fought thereafter until each one of them attained martyrdom in clashes that immediately followed the evacuation of Anandpur in early December 1705.

        Bhāī Manī Rām lived to see another two of his sons and several grandchildren lay down their lives on different occasions in the cause of their faith. He himself died on 24 June 1734.


  1. Kaushish, Sevā Siṅgh, Shahīd Bilās (Bhāī Manī Siṅgh) . Ludhiana,a 1961
  2. Kuir Siṅgh, Gurbilās Pātshāhī l0, ed. Shamsher Siṅgh Ashok. Patiala, 1968
  3. Gurmukh Singh "Identity of Bhai Mani Singh Shahid", Proceedings, Punjab History Conference, Twenty-second Session. Patiala, March 25-27, 1988.

Major Gurmukh Siṅgh (Retd.)