MUHKAM SIṄGH, BHĀĪ (1663-1705), born Muhkam Chand, one of the Pañj Piāre or the Five Beloved of honoured memory in the Sikh tradition, was the son of Tīrath Chand, a cloth-printer of Dvārakā in Gujarāt. About the year 1685, he came to Anandpur, then the seat of Gurū Gobind Siṅgh. He practised the manly arts and took part in Sikhs' battles with the surrounding hill chiefs and imperial troops. He was one of the five who offered their heads in response to Gurū Gobind Siṅgh's call on the Baisākhī day of 1699 and earned the appellation of Pañj Piāre. Initiated into the order of the Khālsā, Muhkam Chand received the common surname of Siṅgh and became Muhkam Siṅgh. Muhkam Siṅgh died in the battle of Chamkaur on 7 December 1705.


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  2. Chhibbar, Kesar Siṅgh, Bansāvalīnāmā Dasāṅ Pātshāhīāṅ Kā . Chandigarh, 1972
  3. Giān Siṅgh, Giānī, Srī Gurū Panth Prakāsh . Patiala, 1970

Shamsher Siṅgh Ashok