MŪLĀ SIṄGH, BHĀĪ (1880-1921), one of the Nankāṇā Sāhib martyrs, was the son of Bhāī Jīvan Siṅgh and Māī Gulāb Kaur of Vallā village, in Amritsar district. He learnt Gurmukhī during his childhood and was also married young, but remained childless. He then went abroad to Singapore where he served in the 67th Battalion for 16 years. Retiring as a havildār (sergeant) on a pension of Rs 10 per month, he came back to India, and settled at Chakk No. 10 Thothīāṅ, in Sheikhūpurā district (now in Pakistan).

         During the First Great War (1914-18), the government was finding it difficult to get enough Sikh recruits needed to reinforce its expanded army, and even resorted to undeclared conscription. Bhāī Mūlā Siṅgh went around the villages and supplied 25 recruits in the hope of getting a land grant as a reward from the government, but was disappointed. This and the imposition of martial law instead in the Punjab led to a change of loyalties on his part and he joined the ranks of the Akālī reformers. He was one of the Akālī jathā led by Bhāī Lachhmaṇ Siṅgh Dhārovālī and massacred at Nankāṇā Sāhib by the hired assassins of Mahant Naraiṇ Dās on 20 February 1921.



    Shamsher, Gurbakhsh Siṅgh, Shahīdī Jīvan. Nankana Sahib, 1938.

Gurcharan Siṅgh Giānī