PAÑJ MUKTE, Iit . five (pañj) liberated ones (mukte), is how a batch of five Sikhs, who according to Bhāī Dayā Siṅgh's Rahitnāmā, were the first after the Pañj Piāre to receive the rites of Khālsā initiation at the hands of Gurū Gobind Siṅgh on the historic Baisākhī day of AD 1699. They were Rām Siṅgh, Fateh Siṅgh, Devā Siṅgh, Tahil Siṅgh and Īsar Siṅgh. According to Bhāī Chaupā Siṅgh, the Rahitnāmā Hazūrī, usually ascribed to him, was originally drafted by the muktās. No other details of these five are available except that an old manuscript of Bhāī Prahilād Siṅgh's Rahitnāmā is said to contain a note associating Rām Siṅgh and Devā Siṅgh with the village of Bughiāṇā, in Lahore district, Ṭahil Siṅgh and Īsar Siṅgh with Dall-Vāṅ, in present-day Amritsar district and Fateh Siṅgh with Khurdpur Māṅgaṭ, perhaps the same as Gurū Māṅgaṭ in Lahore district. The name of Rām Siṅgh also occurs among the twenty five mukte mentioned in Kuir Siṅgh, Gurbilās Pātshāhī 10. According to Sarūp Siṅgh Kaushish, Gurū kīāṅ Sākhīāṅ, a Bhaṭṭ source, Devā Siṅgh and Īsar Siṅgh fell martyrs in the battle of Chamkaur on 7 December 1705.


  1. Padam, Piārā Siṅgh, ed., Gurū kīāṅ Sākhīāṅ. Patiala, 1986
  2. Kuir Siṅgh, Gurbilās Pātshāhī 10. Patiala,1968.

Major Gurmukh Siṅgh (Retd.)