PAÑJ SAU SĀKHĪ, a collection of five hundred anecdotes (Pañj = five; sau = hundred; sākhī = anecdote), attributed to Bhāī Rām Kuir (1672-1761), a descendant of Bhāī Buḍḍhā, renamed Bhāī Gurbakhsh Siṅgh as he received the rites of the Khālsā at the hands of Gurū Gobind Siṅgh (1666-1708). It is said that during his long association with the Gurū, Rām Kuir had heard from his lips many anecdotes concerning the lives of the Gurūs which he used to narrate to Sikhs after his return to his village, Ramdās, in Amritsar district, after Anandpur had been evacuated in 1705. Bhāī Sāhib Siṅgh is said to have reduced these sākhīs to writing. Later, they were split into five parts, each comprising one hundred stories whence the title "Sau Sākhī" or A Hundred Stories gained currency. These five sections were distributed among Bhāī Sāhib Siṅgh, the scribe, Kābulī Mall, Multānī Sūrā, Ratīā, and Sūrat Siṅgh of Āgrā. Giānī Giān Siṅgh, author of the Panth Prakāsh, is said to have seen two manuscripts of this work—one with a mahant (priest) of Naiṇe dā Koṭ and another with Shiv Rām Khatrī of Āgrā. Bhāī Kāhn Siṅgh of Nābhā also seems to have had access to a manuscript copy. None of these manuscripts, much less an authentic printed version, is however available today. The authors of the Gurbilās and Srī Gur Pratāp Sūrāj Granth seem to have drawn upon these anecdotes which are more legendary than historical in character.


  1. Padam, Piārā Siṅgh, ed., Sau Sākhī. Patiala, 1986
  2. Santokh Singh, Bhāī, Srī Gur Pratāp Sūraj Granth. Amritsar, 1927-35
  3. Giān Siṅgh, Giānī, Twārīkh Gurū Khālsā [Reprint]. Patiala, 1970

Balbīr Siṅgh Nandā