PHERŪ MALL, BĀBĀ (d. 1526), father of Gurū Aṅgad, was the third son of Bhāī Gehnū Mall, a Trehaṇ Khatrī of Māṅgovāl village in the present Gujrāt district of Pakistan. He was born in his ancestral village, but was brought up in the family of his mother's parents, who lived at Matte dī Sarāi, a village now known as Sarāi Nāṅgā, 16 km northeast of Muktsar, in the Punjab. He gained proficiency in Persian and, as he grew up, he was employed as an accountant by the local landlord, Chaudharī Takht Mall. He was married in the same village (the bride's name has been recorded differently by chroniclers as Sabhrāī, Rāmo and Dayā Kaur). A son, lahiṇā (Gurū Aṅgad), was born to the couple on 31 March 1504. In 1519, Pherū Mall had differences with his employer and quit service. In the following year, during one of Bābar's incursions into the plains of India, Matte dī Sarāi suffered pillage at the hands of the invaders. Pherū Māll, along with his family left the village and, after a brief stay at Harīke, shifted to Khaḍūr, now known as Khaḍūr Sāhib. Here Māī Sabhrāī, the sister of his former employer and a devotee of Gurū Nānak, treated him as her own brother and helped him to get settled.

        Pherū Mall died at Khaḍūr in 1526.


  1. Santokh Siṅgh, Bhāī, Srī Gur Pratāp Sūraj Granth. Amritsar, 1927-35
  2. Satbīr Singh, Qudaratī Nūr. Jalandhar, 1981
  3. Giān Siṅgh, Giānī, Twārīkh Gurū Khālsā. [Reprint]. Patiala, 1970
  4. Macauliffe, Max Arthur, The Sikh Religion. Oxford, 1909

Major Gurmukh Siṅgh (Retd.)