PHUMMAṆ SIṄGH, BHĀĪ (1906-1924), one of the Jaito martyrs, was born the son of Bhāī Hamīr Siṅgh and Māī Tābī, farmers of the village of Vāndar, 22 km southwest of Bāghā Pūraṇā in Mogā district. He grew up into a strongly built handsome young man, with an affable manner. He had no schooling and started farming the family's lands while still very young. He was deeply influenced by the Sikh movement for the reform of Gurdwārā management and eagerly sat through the rites of Khālsā initiation. The first martyr's column which left Amritsar to take part in the Jaito campaign on 9 February 1924 reached its last halting place, Bārgāṛī, a village bordering the princely state of Nābhā of which Jaito then formed a part, on 20 February. Phummaṇ Siṅgh walked the 5 km to Bargaṛī to meet the jathā. He along with his companions came again the following morning. They had not gone very far when the Nābhā authority opened fire upon them. Phummaṇ Siṅgh received a bullet in his chest and died on the spot.

Gurcharan Siṅgh Giānī