PĪR MUHAMMAD KHĀN, one of the Bārakzaī brothers who came into control of Peshāwar which became a tributary to Mahārājā Raṇjīt Siṅgh in 1823. Dost Muhammad Khān who had established himself in power at Kābul bitterly felt the loss of Peshāwar. Pīr Muhammad along with his brother, Sultān Muhammad, reached Lahore in March 1837 where he was well received by the Mahārājā. On 7 May 1837, Pīr Muhammad and his borther Sultān Muhammad were sent to Peshāwar with Prince Khaṛak Siṅgh. In March 1839, Pīr Muhammad offered to help Shāh Shujā' who was supported by Raṇjīt Siṅgh against Dost Muhammad Khān. In 1844, a jāgīr worth 40,000 rupees in Peshāwar was conferred on Pīr Muhammad Khān who remained a steadfast ally of the Sikh sovereign.


  1. Griffin, Lepel, Ranjit Singh. Oxford, 1905
  2. Gupta, H.R., Panjab on the Eve of First Sikh War. Chandigarh, 1956
  3. Ali, Shahamat, The Sikhs and Afghans. London, 1947
  4. Sūrī, Sohan Lāl, 'Umdāt-ut-Twārīkh. Lahore, 1885-89

Harī Rām Gupta