PRATĀP SIṄGH, BHĀĪ (1899-1922), one of the two martyrs in the Pañjā Sāhib (Hasan Abdāl) episode, was born on 26 March 1899 to Bhāī Sarūp Siṅgh and Prem Kaur at Akālgaṛh, in Gujrāṅwālā district, now in Pakistan. His father was a goldsmith by profession. He received his instruction at the village school, and worked as a teacher for sometime at Maṇḍī Bhalvāl in Sargodhā district before moving to Karāchī to serve as a clerk in a firm of commission agents. At the instance of his elder brother, Tārā Siṅgh, he became a clerk in the army and served in Multān and Rāwalpiṇḍī cantonments. Moved by the Nankāṇā Sāhib incident (20 February 1921), Pratāp Siṅgh resigned his army service resolved to dedicate his life to the Panth. He joined the managing committee of Gurdwārā Pañjā Sāhib, brought under the community's control since November 1920, as a treasurer. He had married, on 11 October 1918, Harnām Kaur, daughter of Kapūr Siṅgh of Lohīāṅvālā, a village near Gujrāṅwālā.

         On 29 October 1922, Pratāp Siṅgh sat with Bhāī Karam Siṅgh, also an employee of the Pañjā Sāhib Gurdwārā Committee, and several others in the Railway track to stop, risking their lives, the train carrying Sikh volunteers held in the Gurū kā Bāgh agitation with a view to serving to them a meal prepared by the saṅgat. The special train was to run through Hasan Abdāl railway station at about 10 a.m. without making a halt. The squatters did stop the train, but not before it had run over the two volunteers and hit several of their companions. The rest of saṅgat rushed forward to rescue them. Pratāp Siṅgh and Karam Siṅgh, though grievously hurt, were still conscious and told them to leave them alone and first serve meals to the jathā. This was done and the train moved on. The injured were brought to the Gurdwārā and given medical aid. Bhāī Pratāp Siṅgh and Bhāī Karam Siṅgh, however, succumbed to their injuries the next day. Their dead bodied were carried to Rāwalpiṇḍī on 1 November 1922 and cremated on the bank of rivulet Leī. Until the partition of 1947, a three-day fair used to be held at Gurdwārā Pañjā Sāhib at the end of October every year in memory of the two martyrs.


  1. Pratāp Siṅgh, Giānī, Gurdwārā Sudhār arthāt Akālī Lahir. Amritsar, 1975
  2. Josh, Sohan Siṅgh, Akālī Morchīāṅ dā Itihās. Delhi, 1972

Partāp Siṅgh Giānī