PRATĀP SIṄGH, GIĀNĪ (1904-1984), preacher, journalist and author, was the son of Bhāī Makkhan Siṅgh and Māī Mathurā Devī of the village of Nārā in Rāwalpiṇḍī district of the Punjab (now in Pakistan). Born on 3 January 1904, he learnt Gurmukhī and scripture reading at home and passed his middle school examination from the village school in 1918. He read with deep interest literature brought out under the influence of the Siṅgh Sabhā movement and joined the Khālsā Upadeshak(Missionary) College, Gujrāṅwālā , from where he passed, in 1922, the Giānī exanmination of the Pañjāb University, Lāhore. In 1923, he was engaged by the Shiromaṇī Gurdwārā Parbandhak Committee as a preacher. Soon afterwards he was arrested for making a seditious speech and sentenced to one and a half year's imprisonment. Giānī Pratāp Siṅgh served as assistant jathedār of Srī Akāl Ta kht, Amritsar, from 1938-48 and jathedār of Ta kht Srī Kesgaṛh Sāhib, Anandpur, from 1948-52. He was then appointed Jathedār of Srī Akāl Ta kht, Amritsar, from which position he retired in 1955.

         In 1956, Giānī Pratāp Siṅgh floated a monthly journal, the Giān Amrit, which he himself edited and published until December 1981 when it was made over to Dr Mān Siṅgh of the Niraṅkārī Darbār. He also wrote over two dozen books and tracts on religious and histrorical themes. Some of his better known works are Gurmat Laikchar (1944), Itihāsak Laikchar (two volumes, 1945), Saṅsār da Dhārmik Itihās (1948), Akālī Lahir dā Itihās (1951), Naqlī Niraṅkārī (1967), Kūkā Gurūdom (1972), Amritsar Siftī dā Ghar (1977) and Akāli Lahir de Mahāṅ Netā (1976). The Languages Department of the Punjab Government honoured Giānī Pratāp Siṅgh in 1981 for his contribution to Punjabi journalism. He was also honoured by Kendarī Srī Gurū Siṅgh Sabhā, Delhi, for his services to Sikh religion.

         Giānī Pratāp Siṅgh was assassinated on 10 May 1984 inside his house at Amritsar by some unidentified men.


  1. Giān Amrit. Amritsar, 1980-81
  2. Saṅkhep Jīvan Giānī Pratāp Siṅgh Jī . Amritsar, n.d.

Sarmukh Siṅgh Amole